Annual Report - Ruralactionagainsthunger

Building a Resilient Community in South Sudan

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Narus lies in a semi arid region which stretches right from Uganda, Kenya and South Sudan to Ethiopia. It is surrounded by pastoralist tribes that cross the borders and attack the Toposas because of cattle raids and this causes massive killings of the children. Women, children and young men are the most affected. Most of the attacks are during the dry season when there is no water and pasture for both animals and humans. The competition for the limited resources brings about migration to safer places where they meet their deaths. Kapoeta East County is also faced by tribal conflicts due to cattle raids from the different pastoralist tribes that exist in this part of the country. The soils have no vegetation cover and this makes them exposed to direct heat from the sun and rain. So the water runoff is high during the rainy season. The people of Narus are predominately pastoralists though they practice some form of agriculture and grow one type of crop that is sorghum which is harvested piece meal and does not meet the family food security needs. Climatic change adaptation is difficult in this kind of situation where even the shrubs that are growing are ct down for firewood charcoal and as poles for sale and construction of shelters. The men are only looking after cattle and the defense to their families but are not engaged in production in any way. There is no comparison of the Toposas with any other tribe since it is only this single tribe living in Narus. Narus is also a semi arid region which requires a lot of techniques to improve their livelihoods. The amount of rainfall in this area is very little thus calling for planting dry season crops like cassava, pigeon peas, pumpkins and cow peas for the community to adapt to climatic change. The government is far away from the people therefore accessing government services like health, education, agriculture, water and infrastructure is difficult. The roads are impassable and this is a hindrance to development. The scarcity of water makes it difficult for the people to cultivate other crops. According to the people the area sometimes receives rain only 4 times a year.
A village sun scorched, is evident that drought is obvious in this area there is always hunger.  From own observation and information from the agricultural department rains start in August that is the most reliable rain but in April or May these are false rains  that many people do not rely on. The serious rain reduction in this area is due to deforestation and overgrazing which leads to soil degradation through erosion. Families migrate due to rampant cattle raids and lack of water and pastures for their animals. With a population of 27,000 people without proper settlementsmigration is the order of the day. Drought in this part of the country becomes a source of conflict as the Turkanas attack the Toposas and the Toposas also do the same. The government presence is not felt by the community. The RRC cannot stand single handedly to support these communities. Dry winds in this area during the dry season also carry away the top soil causing erosion. There is no vegetation cover to protect the soil, therefore incase of rain the runoff is high and thus rich soils are washed away.
The scarcity of clean safe drinking water is one of the problems faced by the people of Narus. This coupled with the high market prices of the materials for the rehabilitation of the boreholes is very high and this has caused the delay in completing the rehabilitation. The people have to trek long distances in search of pasture and water for both animals and human consumption.
Narus community is partly relief dependent and practice subsistence farming where they depend on one type of crop or practice mono cropping. They keep cattle and men marry many women. The cattle are reared on free range system. There is no selective breeding as the animals are left to mix. The community has large animal population which competes with humans for water.
Women are faced with problems especially during the dry season as they shoulder the burden of production, taking care of families and other domestic work. Women are subjected to less profitable enterprises to support their families like sale of firewood and charcoal.
+211 955 471 973
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Head Office
Hai Rock City
Rural Action Against Hunger
Building a Resilient Community in South Sudan
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